The costs and benefits of tourism activity do not fall evenly. This is especially true where services and facilities are provided locally but contributions from the users flow elsewhere, including to central government. There is a role for government to use its levers, including taxes and levies, funding streams, and legislative and regulatory settings, to adjust this imbalance. This intervention must always be used cautiously to achieve clearly stated outcomes and avoid unintended consequences. TIA supports a national discussion on the optimal mix of user pays, taxes and levies and central government funding support, so that regions can invest in the facilities, amenities, infrastructure, and services that benefit visitors and residents alike.